Bhagavatam

 

One of the biggest contributions to our Sanskrit literature has been Vyasa's epic creation, Bhagavatam. This epic focuses primarily on Bhakti (devotion) to the incarnations of Vishnu, particularly Krshna. Daksha yagam, Dhruva charitram and Prahlaada charitram are also part of the Bhagavatam.

Many of the songs that are available in this opera have been published as part of the Krshna ganam publications over 3 volumes. The notation for some of these compositions have also been published. But scores of songs are yet to be published. The opera seems to start with the song, Terodum veedhiyile, in Nattai, which describes the wedding of Devaki and Vasudeva and continues upto the Krshna-Rukmani wedding, from the songs discovered till now. There are also a series of songs on the Radha-Krshna wedding.

Many of the songs in vogue today such as aadaadu ashangaadu, ashaindaadum mayil onru, alaipaayude kanna that have been rendered as one-off songs in music and dance concerts are actually part of this opera.

There are several songs which cover different themes that have been beautifully visualized by the composer as given below

  1. Gopi conversing among themselves

  • Anname idu enna maayam (Sama)

  • Aayiram tan sholladi (Khamach)

  • Engum illadoru pillai (Athana)

and many others . . .

  1. Yashoda admonishing Krshna, lulling him to sleep, waking him up and other incidents

  • Adatti urutti (Athana)

  • Aadina mattukkum (Mohanam)

  • Gokula maamaniye (Neelambari)

  • Kannaa ezhundirum pillaai (Bhoopalam)

  1. Krshna- Rukmini wedding

  • Kanhalum podaade (Shankarabharanam)

  • Kalyaaname (Kuranji)

  • Roopa mangala kishora (Anandabhairavi)

  1. Radha-Krshna wedding

  • Edir kondazhaittu vandaar (Bilahari)

  • Jagamengum puhazhum (Athana)

  • Kalyaana kolaahalame (Kedaram)

A probable prelude to this opera could have been a song in Chenchurutti –

sholla kidaittade bhaagyam nara-
tudiyinai sholli naavu kooshaamal
tona tona enrulahu vambu peshaamal
tati vidhi ena sholli alaindu shaahaamal
kannan kadaiyai kanamum veenaakkaamal

Abridged Bhagavatam

Apart from the garland of songs in the opera, he has also composed an abridged version of the entire Bhagavatam in one single song, Shree Govinda naama sankeertanam (Ragamalika). This piece starts from Krshna's birth and covers the best highlights of the entire story. Interestingly the composer has included his signature in this piece.

keezhezhodu melezhu bhuvanangalum kidaitta tavamena nadakkalaanadu
getti melangal kotti muzhakkalaanadu krshna-rukmini vivaahamadaanadu
mazhai muhil ena varnam konda hari maadhava mohana geetamidaanadu
vaakkinil Venkata Kaviyum manandadu mangala gaana paramparaiyaanadu

 

Extolling the signifance of the Bhagavatam

The composer has also composed a few pieces extolling the greatness of the literary wonder and these include pieces like Dharmameva shree bhaagavata (Shuddhasaveri/Manirangu), Pesha keleero (Mohanam), Patita paavanam bhaagavatam (Shuddhasaveri), Pazhamo pazhamo (Gowrimanohari), Sholli terivadillaye (Shreeranjani).

Given below is a list of published and unpublished collection of songs belonging to the Bhagavatam opera. The ragam and talam information for some of the songs taken from Needamangalam Krishnamurthy Bhagavatar's hand-written book are not available and require further research.

 

S no Composition Raga Tala
1 Āḍāmal ennaḍi sheivāi
2 Adaṭṭi uruṭṭi Aṭhāṇā Ādi
3 Adbhutanām bālakanām Nāṭṭaikkuranji Ādi
4 Āḍi ashaindu varuhinṛān Shreeranjani Ādi
5 Āḍina maṭṭukkum Mōhanam Ādi
6 Ādiyoru kālamadil koorumozhi Gowrimanōhari Khaṇḍa Ēkam
7 Ākka poruttavar Kāmbhōdhi Ādi
8 Alaippāyudē Kānaḍā Ādi
9 Alankāra gōpikai Aṭhāṇā Ādi
10 Ammā irukkirāḷ
11 Āna maṭṭum Madhyamāvati Ādi
12 Andi nēram Bhairavi Ādi
13 Annai illai tandai illai
14 Annaikku ezhudinān ōlai Maṇirangu Ādi
15 Annaiyarhaḷ Tōḍi Ādi
16 Annamē idu enna māyam Sāmā Ādi
17 Anṛē nān Madhyamāvati Roopakam
18 Antaram maṇanda Kalyāṇi/Bilahari Ādi
19 Ārāyirukkum enrarindu vārāyōḍi Roopakam
20 Āṛi pōhudē Tōḍi
21 Aṛivēn aṛindēn Khamāch Tishra Tripuṭa
22 Ārooḍham onṛu Kalyāṇi Ādi
23 Ārukkum teriyādōḍi pōḍi Tōḍi Ādi (tishra gati)
24 Ashaindāḍum mayil Simhendramadhyamam Ādi
25 Āshaiyinai pāraḍi Madhyamāvati/Maṇirangu Ādi
26 Avarāha varuvārō Sarasvati Ādi
27 Avatāram shree Kēdāram Ādi
28 Āyiram shollaḍi Pantuvarāḷi Roopakam
29 Āyiram tān shollaḍi Khamāch Mishra Chāpu
30 Ayyan oorvalam Ānandabhairavi Ādi
31 Azhahiya dvārakaiyai Sāvēri Ādi
32 Brndāvanam enbadillaiyō Kurunji Ādi
33 Daksha yāgam enṛu Shankarābharaṇam Ādi
34 Darishanam tandē Ārabhi Ādi
35 Dōshamirundāl aruḷa vēṇḍum Pantuvarāḷi Ādi
36 Dwārakai enbadu Chenchurutti Ādi
37 Ēdaḍi Ēdaḍi Bhairavi Ādi
38 Edir koṇḍazhaittu vandār Bilahari Ādi
39 Ellaiyillāda Aṭhāṇā Ādi
40 Ēn ingē vandu Tōḍi Ādi
41 Enakkum aruḷineerō Māyāmaḷavagowḷa Ādi
42 Enda paḍi ānālum Kalyāṇi/Vasanta Ādi
43 Enda samarttai kaṇḍu Bhairavi Ādi
44 Enda vidamāhilum Kāmbhōdhi Ādi
45 Engē engēyaḍi Madhyamāvati Ādi
46 Engum illāda atishaya Shreeranjani Roopakam
47 Engum illādoru piḷḷai Aṭhāṇā Ādi
48 Ennadān kōpam Kāmbhōdhi Mishra Chāpu
49 Ennadān shollaḍi Yadukulakāmbhōdhi Ādi
50 Ennadān shonnālum Sāvēri Ādi
51 Eṇṇamellam Kummi
52 Ennatai shonnālum Vāchaspati Mishra Chāpu
53 Ennatān shonnēn Kāmbhōdhi Ādi
54 Ennattai sholvēnaḍi Husēni Ādi
55 Eṇṇi pāraḍi Kānaḍā Ādi
56 Eṇṇinālum paravashamāhudē
57 Ēnō inda niṣhi vēḷai Khamāch Ādi
58 Eṭṭa irundu pēshum Rāgamālika Ādi
59 Ettanai tuṇivaḍā
60 Ettanaiyum shollaḍi Husēni Ādi
61 Gambheera naḍaiyōḍu Ānandabhairavi Ādi
62 Gati neerē gurudēva Kalyāṇi Mishra Chāpu
63 Gōkula māmaṇiyē Neelāmbari Ādi
64 Idu paḷḷi yāmāshān
65 Idudān teriyumō Chakravākam Mishra Chāpu
66 Iduvē enakku Ārabhi Ādi
67 Illai illai illaiyamma Mōhanam Ādi
68 Inda vazhi Ānandabhairavi Ādi
69 Innum mayakkudu svāmi Keeravāṇi Ādi
70 Innum vara Yadukulakāmbhōdhi Mishra Chāpu
71 Inṛu unakkupanayanam Suraṭi Ādi
72 Ippaḍiyum ōr piḷḷai Rāgamālika Khaṇḍa Chāpu
73 Ippaḍiyum oru deivamā Kalyāṇi Roopakam
74 Ittanai parivu Shuddhasāvēri Roopakam
75 Ittanaiyum poi Kalyāṇi Roopakam
76 Ivan tān ivan tānē Vasanta Ādi
77 Jagamengum puhazhum Aṭhāṇā Ādi
78 Kaḍaindāḷē tayir Shreeranjani Ādi
79 Kaḍi kamazhum malar shoozha
80 Kadir ēghum Āhiri Mishra Chāpu
81 Kālangaḷ ariyāda karuṇaiyin veedu
82 Kālattai marandadennamō
83 Kallukkuḷḷē tērai
84 Kalyāṇa kōlāhalamē Kēdāram Ādi
85 Kalyāṇamē Kuranji Khaṇḍa Ēkam
86 Kāṇāda atishaya piḷḷai Shreeranjani Ādi
87 Kaṇḍum kāṇādadu Rāgamālika Ādi
88 Kāṇeerē kanjamalar Khamāch Ādi
89 Kaṇhaḷum pōdādē Shankarābharaṇam Ādi
90 Kanjikku eedāhumā Shankarābharaṇam Ādi
91 Kāṇṇā ezhundirum Bhoopāḷam Ādi
92 Kaṇṇallavō svāmi Suraṭi Ādi
93 Kaṇṇan piṛandadai Kēdāram Ādi
94 Kaṇṇan varuhinṛa Chindu Ādi (tishra gati)
95 Kaṇṇanō Simhēndramadhyamam Roopakam
96 Kāyāmbu vaṇṇarē nillum Maṇirangu Ādi
97 Koḍukka kaṇṇan irukka Ārabhi Ādi
98 Koḷḷai malivāchēḍi Khamāch Ādi
99 Konjamēnum poruttiḍavē vēṇum Shahānā
100 Konjum mazhalai Kāmbhōdhi Ādi
101 Kuzhal oodi manam Kāmbhōdhi Ādi
102 Kuzhalē nee enna Arabhi Ādi
103 Mādhavanai mun nirutti Rāgamālika Khaṇḍa Roopakam
104 Malaiyai tookkinān Kalyāṇi Roopakam
105 Manadarindō Kāmbhōdhi Ādi
106 Manattirupadai oḷittumēnō
107 Mānē avartānē Ābhōgi Roopakam
108 Manjanam āḍa Reetigowḷa Ādi
109 Mathurāpuri naharam Ādi
110 Munamorukāl
111 Naḍa naḍa naḍa krṣhṇa Dhanyāsi Ādi
112 Nalladalla enṛu Shankarābharaṇam Ādi
113 Nallatanamāi sholli Mōhanam Ādi
114 Nān enna tavam Khamāch Ādi
115 Nanṛāha iru tāyē Shahānā Ādi
116 Nārāyaṇā enṛu shonnāl
117 Needān mechi Shreeranjani Ādi
118 Neela vānam Punnāgavarāḷi Ādi
119 Neela vaṇṇa kaṇṇanukkum Mōhanam Ādi
120 Neeyē kaṇ koṇḍu Khamāch Ādi
121 Nēram konjamum Kannaḍa Roopakam
122 Nillāmal pōhum Udayaravichandrika Ādi
123 Ninṛa nilai kaṇḍu Shuddhasāvēri Mishra Chāpu
124 Ninṛān tanai pōi Ārabhi Ādi
125 Om namō bhagavatē Reetigowḷa Ādi
126 Onbadu piḷḷaihaḷ
127 ōrānnoruvan Ārabhi Ādi
128 Pachai iḷam Sāmā Ādi
129 Pārvai onṛē pōdumē Suraṭi Ādi
130 Paṭṭābhishēkam Ārabhi Ādi
131 Pattarai māttu pashum ponnāl
132 Pēsha kēḷeerō Mōhanam Ādi
133 Pēshādē pōngaḷaḍi Madhyamāvati Ādi
134 Piranda pōdē pēshinān
135 Pōḍi pōḍi ahankāri Khamāch Ādi
136 Pōdum pōdum kaṇṇa Sāranga Ādi
137 Pōha viṭṭu Reetigowḷa Tishra Tripuṭa
138 Pollāda piḷḷai Kharaharapriya Ādi
139 Pooṇool kalyāṇam Nādanāmakriya Ādi
140 Pōṭṭu vaiyaḍi Maṇirangu Mishra Chāpu
141 Pulattiyan mun
142 Putra kāma yāgam Kāpi Roopakam
143 Rājādhi rāja Sāvēri Ādi
144 Roopa mangaḷa kishōra Ānandabhairavi
145 Rukmaṇi kalyāṇa mangaḷam Suraṭi Ādi
146 Sāmam mudal vēdangaḷai
147 Shamattu kuṭṭiyaḍi Mōhanam Ādi
148 Shēdi ellām Husēni Mishra Chāpu
149 Sheida tavam Dēvamanōhari Ādi
150 Shenṛa shamattu pōl Keeravāṇi Ādi
151 Shenṛu vā nee rādhē Rāgamālika Roopakam
152 Sholli koḍutta Suraṭi Ādi
153 Sholli tān Shahānā Roopakam
154 Sholli terivadillayē Shreeranjani Ādi
155 Shonnadai kēḷ kaṇṇā Kāmavardhini Ādi
156 Shonnadaikēḷ ayyanē Nāṭṭai Ādi
157 Shonnāl mangaḷam tarumē Suraṭi Ādi
158 Shonnālozhiya Kannaḍa
159 Shree gōvinda nāma Rāgamālikā Ādi
160 Shuzhanṛu shuzhanṛāḍum Sāmā Ādi
161 Sogasukāra krṣhṇan Aṭhāṇā Ādi
162 Svāgatam krṣhṇa Mōhanam Ādi
163 Tan mukhattu
164 Tanakku nigarillāda Maṇirangu Roopakam
165 Tanantaniyāha Toḍi Mishra Chāpu
166 Tandadāvanam sheiyya Ārabhi Ādi
167 Tandai nāmam sholla unakku kashṭam
168 Tāṇḍavam āḍuhinṛānē Kāmbhōdhi Ādi
169 Tannuḷḷē nanjaḍakki
170 Taruṇa māmuhil Ārabhi Ādi
171 Taṭṭi kudittānē kamsan
172 Tavazhndu tavazhndōḍinān Harikāmbhōdhi
173 Tāyē un dāmōdara Shankarābharaṇam Ādi
174 Tāyē yashōda Toḍi Ādi
175 Terōḍum veediyilē Nāṭṭai Ādi
176 Tōṇuvadillaiyaḍi oṇṇum Sarasvati Khaṇḍa Tripuṭa
177 Tu tu tu engaḷ Bilahari Ādi
178 Tuḍukkutanam ellām Kharaharapriya Ādi
179 Tuḷḷi viḷaiyāḍinān Navarasakannaḍa Ādi
180 Vāchakamum Husēni Ādi
181 Vāḍi tōzhi Ārabhi Khaṇḍa Aṭa
182 Vanda pōdum varāda pōdum Bhairavi Ādi
183 Vandaduvum ponaduvum Bilahari Khaṇḍa Chāpu
184 Vandārōḍi Bilahari Mishra Chāpu
185 Vandavarai vārum Tōḍi Ādi
186 Vandē piṛandān kaṇṇan Maṇirangu Ādi
187 Vandu kēṭpārilaiyō Rāgamālika Ādi
188 Vaṇṇa māḍangaḷ shoozh
189 Varishai koṇarndu vandār Aṭhāṇā Roopakam
190 Vasudēvan veeṭṭrirunda
191 Vērēdum vazhi Vasanta Ādi
192 Viḍindadu pōḍi pō Khamāch Ādi
193 Virundonṛu āhudu Gowrimanōhari Ādi
194 Vishamakkāra kaṇṇan Chenchurutti Ēkam
195 Viṭṭāram pēshi Kāmbhōdhi Mishra Chāpu